Shibori (しぼり / 絞り) is a Japanese manual resist dyeing technique, which produces patterns on fabric.
In Japan, the earliest known example of cloth dyed with a shibori technique dates from the 8th century; it is among the goods donated by the Emperor Shōmu to the Tōdai-ji in Nara.
Until the 20th century, not many fabrics and dyes were in widespread use in Japan. The main fabrics were silk and hemp, and later cotton. The main dye was indigo and, to a lesser extent, madder and purple root.
Shibori and other textile arts, such as tsutsugaki, were applied to all of these fabrics and dyes.